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SEO: What Is SEO and Parts of SEO

5 Mins read

Search engine optimization (SEO) is a very complex concept, but it is important. It is a powerful tool that helps you to improve visibility on your website. It is a collection of strategies, techniques, and tactics. That works together to increase the quality, and quantity and drive traffic by boosting your website’s visibility on search engines through organic results

What is SEO?

SEO is a process that helps you to improve your website and webpage to get a higher rank in search engines like Google.  You have both the technique to improve your website and do all the activities white Hatley means following the terms and conditions of the search engine.  It involves making changes to the website design and content that make it more attractive to a search engine. It is an essential part of digital marketing it helps business to reach out more audience who is using a search engine to find information.

The well-optimized website communicates with search engines, signaling that your content is relevant to the keywords or phrases users are searching for.  The end goal? To rank higher on the search engine result pages (SERPs), drive more traffic to your website, and convert these visitors into customers.

SEO activities take place both the site on-site and off-site. That is why we often divided it into off-page and on-page categories.

In  practice, SEO involves:

  • keyword research
  • content creation
  • link building
  • technical optimization

SEO target organic traffic rather than paid traffic

In simple words, SEO means getting a higher rank in search engines using different keywords, backlinks, creating quality content, etc.

Parts of SEO

1. Off-page SEO: 

This is the type of SEO that uses outside of your websites to get a higher rank in search engines. This increases the trustworthiness of your websites. Getting high-quality backlinks from different websites, guest posting, content marketing, influencer outreach, brand mention, etc. In off-page SEO because all the activities are outside of your websites you can not control all the activities, it’s uncontrollable.

  • Link Building:

    This is the process of acquiring backlinks from other websites. Quality is crucial here; links from relevant and authoritative websites have more weight.

  • Content Marketing:

    Creating valuable content that people want to link to is one of the best ways to earn natural backlinks. This could be blog posts, research reports, infographics, videos, podcasts, etc.

  • Guest Blogging:

    Guest blogging, also known as guest posting, is the practice of contributing a post to another person’s blog that builds relationships, exposure, authority, and links. It’s a way to connect with new readers and get your name out.

  • Influencer Outreach:

    If you have created a great piece of content, you can reach out to influencers or bloggers in your industry and ask them to check it out. They may link to your content if they find it valuable.

 2. On-page SEO

This refers to the process of optimizing individual web pages on your site to rank higher and earn more relevant traffic in search engines.  In this technique, all the activities done in the websites mean your HTML tags, hypertext, anchor text, the structure of your websites, internal links, etc. You can control all the activities which do on your website.

  • Title tags:

    The title tag is the next to appear on the search engine result page from your website. It is important to make sure your title tags are more descriptive and include your target audience.

  • Meta Description:

    The meta description is the short text that appears below the title tag in the search result. Make sure that your meta description is informative so people will click on your links.

  • Internal links:

    Internal links are the links that link your one web page to another web page of your website.

3. Technical SEO: 

This involves optimizing your website and server to help search engine spiders crawl and index your site.  This SEO focuses on the technical aspect of your website. Like page loading speed, the structure of the website, mobile friendliness, sitemaps, etc.

  • Website structure:

    Your website structure should be a clear and logical hierarchy of pages. This makes it easier for search engines to crawl and index your website.

  • Loading speed:

    How much time your website is consuming to load or open is important. Make sure the loading speed of your website is very fast.

  • Mobile-friendliness:

    Your website must be mobile friendly because most people are using mobile to search on the search engines so keep your website mobile friendly so people can understand.

4. Local SEO:

For businesses that operate in a specific geographic area, local SEO is important. This involves strategies like claiming and optimizing your Google My Business listing, collecting and managing online reviews, and optimizing for local keywords.

5. Keyword research:

Keyword research means identifying the most appropriate keyword related to your business. This means you should identify what types of keywords to search by people related to your business. By understanding that keyword, you can optimize your website’s content to align with them

6. Content marketing:

Content marketing means providing high-quality and relevant content to your target audience. It involves creating and sharing the most relevant content to attract, inform and engage your audience to promote your brand. 

7. International SEO:

This is the process of optimizing or improving websites for search engines in other countries. This includes translating your website content into different languages, targeting relevant keywords in other countries, etc.  

8. Mobile SEO:

With an increasing number of searches happening on mobile devices, your website needs to optimize for mobile. This means ensuring that it’s responsive, fast and offers a seamless user experience across all devices.

9. E-commerce SEO:

In today’s world, the growth of e-commerce platforms is tremendous. This is the process of optimizing your e-commerce platform website so it ranks higher in search engines. This includes product pages, using the most relevant keyword, and getting quality backlinks from other websites.  

How to improve your website’s SEO

Do keyword research:

Identify the keyword and phrases that your target audience is searching for and use that keywords in your website’s content and code

Create high-quality content:

Your content should be high quality and relevant to your target audience and it should attract your audience.

Mobile friendly:

Most people are using mobile to search on search engines so make your website mobile friendly so mobile users can understand.

Keep your website up to date:

Search engines like fresh and new content so keep uploading new and fresh content on your website.

White hat SEO and black hat SEO

White hat SEO:

This is a technique in which all the work does within the limits of the search engine’s term and conditions. It does both ways using on-page and off-page. Many things come under white hat SEO like high-quality and relevant content, getting quality backlinks and internal links of the website, using the most relevant keywords, etc. This will help you to a higher rank in search engines. All the work does ethically in white hat SEO

Black hat SEO:

Black hat SEO means to get a higher rank in search engine works does unethically means breaching the terms and conditions of the search engine to get a higher rank. Such activities as link spamming, and cloaking. Hidden text, using duplicate content and keyword stuffing, etc. This is illegal to do black hat SEO sometimes your website should be punishable and it will remove from the search engine.

So it is better to do white hat SEO than black hat SEO to get a higher rank in search engines.


Understanding SEO will help you create a good strategy that drives organic traffic, improves visibility, and boosts conversions. Remember, successful SEO isn’t about short-term wins; it’s a long-term investment that requires consistency, patience, and strategic planning. With time, SEO can be a game-changer for your online presence and business growth. SEO is an ongoing process. You have to watch or check your website to get a higher rank in search engines. And make sure that you have to fix problems and make the changes that need. 

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I am a professional OES Expert & Write for us technology blog and submit a guest post on different platforms provides a good opportunity for content writers to submit guest posts on our website.
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